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Royal History


During the 16th century, the CKCS was popular among the nobility in England. These dogs were sometimes called the "Spaniel Gentle" or "Comforter", as ladies taking a carriage ride would take a spaniel on their laps to keep them warm during the winter. Charles I kept a spaniel named Rogue while residing at Carisbrooke Castle; however, it is with Charles II that this breed is closely associated and it was said of him that "His Majesty was seldom seen without his little dogs. There is a myth that he even issued an edict that no Spaniels of this type could be denied entry to any public place including Parliament. He preferred playing with his Cavaliers rather than taking care of important matters.


During the reign of King William III and Queen Mary II, the long nosed style of spaniel went out of fashion. The Pug was the favored dog at the time in the Netherlands, and with William's Dutch origin, they became popular in England too. At this time interbreeding may have occurred with the Pug, as the King Charles took on some Pug-like characteristics.

After the king's death, the Duke of Marlborough took over the breed. During the early part of the 18th century, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough kept red and white King Charles type spaniels for hunting. The duke recorded that they were able to keep up with a trotting horse. His estate was named Blenheim in honor of his victory at the Battle of Blenheim. Because of this influence, the red and white variety of the King Charles Spaniel and thus the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel became known as the Blenheim


This is just the beginning of their history in Europe but let's jump ahead to their history here in America. They are seen in many early American paintings. But the first recorded Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in the United States was imported in 1946. Not long after a Cavalier club was formed and then after the breed became established here in America in 1995 The American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognized Cavalier King Charles Spaniels as a breed.

Fun Facts

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